Prostate Cancer

The prostate is a small walnut shaped gland in the pelvis of men. It is located next to the bladder and can be examined by getting a digital rectal exam. Prostate cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the prostate gland. Prostate cancer begins when cells in the prostate gland start to grow out of control. The prostate is a gland found only in males. It makes some of the fluid that is part of semen.
The size of the prostate can change as a man ages. In younger men, it is about the size of a walnut, but it can be much larger in older men.

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Types of prostate cancer

Almost all prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers develop from the gland cells.
Other types of cancers in the prostate include:

  • Small cell carcinomas
  • Transitional cell carcinomas
  • Sarcomas
  • Neuroendocrine tumors

Symptoms
  • ● Dull pain in the lower pelvic area
    ● Frequent urination
    ● Trouble urinating, pain, burning, or weak urine flow
    ● Blood in the urine and semen
    ● Painful ejaculation
    ● Pain in the lower back, hips or upper thighs
    ● Loss of weight
    ● Bone pain
Causes

No one knows what causes prostate cancer.
Doctors know that prostate cancer begins when some cells in your prostate become abnormal. Mutations in the abnormal cells' DNA cause the cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells do.

Risk Factors

AGE - The persons risk of getting diagnosed with prostate cancer increases with his age.
RACE - According to some researches, black men / Africans have a greater risk of prostate cancer than other men.
FAMILY HISTORY - If any men in a family is having prostate cancer, then it increases risk of other individuals in the family.
DIET - Diet and lifestyle may affect the risk of prostate cancer. It isn't clear exactly how . Your risk may be higher if you eat more calories, animal fats, refined sugar and not enough fruits and vegetables.

Treatment

Depending upon the type of stage of cancer , the doctor starts the correct treatment as per the individual's requirement. Following are the treatments used -
Surveillance
● Active Surveillance
● Watchful Waiting
Localized Therapy
● Surgery
● Radiation Therapy
● Cryotherapy
● Focal Therapy
Systemic Therapy
● Hormonal Therapy
● Chemotherapy
● Immunotherapy

Prevention

Have a Healthy diet - Avoid high-fat foods and instead focus on choosing fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Fruits and vegetables contain many vitamins and nutrients that can contribute to your health
Exercise - Exercise improves overall health and maintains healthy weight. Try to exercise most days of the week.

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