There have been several innovations on how the treatments have been imparted to cancer patients over the years. Surgery has been moving from a more radical approach towards organ preservation, shorter hospital stay, less post-operative morbidity and minimally invasive and robotic surgeries.
The intent of surgery can be to cure, manage or down stage cancer or symptom control. This is usually the primary treatment of choice in many early stage solid malignancies.
Surgery for malignant tumors require advance qualifications and meticulous techniques. Basic principles for oncology Surgery are: