General Information

Cancer is uncontrolled proliferation of transformed cells in any part of the body. Neoplasm or tumor are used variably to describe any swelling or new growth. Benign growths don’t have potential to spread to other organs or parts of the body while malignancy or malignant growths have uncontrolled proliferation and metastatic potential.

Transformation is multistep process with genetic alterations by which normal cells acquire malignant potential, uncontrolled proliferation capacity and capacity to spread to other parts of the body (metastasis)

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Worldwide cancer is responsile for 1 in 8 deaths.Most Common cancers are:

# Men Women
1 Oral Cavity Breast
2 Prostate Cervix and Endometrium
3 Lung Lung
4 Colorectal Ovary
5 Testis Kidney
6 Pancreas Urinary Bladder
What Causes Cancer ?

Cancer is usually multi factorial

Age- more in age group >60 yrs compared to younger age group

Obesity- Body mass index >30

Pan Masala and Supari

Tobacco – Cigarette, Cigar,Bidi, Hookah, Smokeless tobacco like gutka, zarda etc. There is no safe form of tobacco.

Alcohol

Ultraviolet Rays Exposure

Prevention of Cancer:

Stay away from tobacco products

Eat healthy and daily physical activity- fresh fruits and vegetable are good, maintain optimal body weight

Be safe in sun

Cancer awareness and early detection: alarming signs are (CAUTION)-

1).Change in bowel or bladder habits.
2).A sore that will not heal.
3).Unusual discharge or bleeding.
4).Thickening or lump in the breast, testicles or elsewhere.
5).Indigestion or difficulty swallowing.
6).Obvious change in a wart or mole.
7).Nagging cough or hoarseness

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