Cancer is uncontrolled proliferation of transformed cells in any part of the body. Neoplasm or tumor are used variably to describe any swelling or new growth. Benign growths don’t have potential to spread to other organs or parts of the body while malignancy or malignant growths have uncontrolled proliferation and metastatic potential.
Transformation is multistep process with genetic alterations by which normal cells acquire malignant potential, uncontrolled proliferation capacity and capacity to spread to other parts of the body (metastasis)
Worldwide cancer is responsile for 1 in 8 deaths.Most Common cancers are:
|2||Prostate||Cervix and Endometrium|
Cancer is usually multi factorial
Age- more in age group >60 yrs compared to younger age group
Obesity- Body mass index >30
Pan Masala and Supari
Tobacco – Cigarette, Cigar,Bidi, Hookah, Smokeless tobacco like gutka, zarda etc. There is no safe form of tobacco.
Ultraviolet Rays Exposure
Stay away from tobacco products
Eat healthy and daily physical activity- fresh fruits and vegetable are good, maintain optimal body weight
Be safe in sun
Cancer awareness and early detection: alarming signs are (CAUTION)-
1).Change in bowel or bladder habits.
2).A sore that will not heal.
3).Unusual discharge or bleeding.
4).Thickening or lump in the breast, testicles or elsewhere.
5).Indigestion or difficulty swallowing.
6).Obvious change in a wart or mole.
7).Nagging cough or hoarseness