Risk of getting Cancer?
Can HPV viral infection cause Cancer?
The answer is yes!
Human papillomavirus is a causative agent of cancer, and when it comes to cervical cancer, most cervical cancer is caused by HPV. I.e., about 70% of cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus infection.
However, it should be kept in account that having an HPV infection does not guarantee your risk of having cancer.
HPV is a very commonly occurring sexually transmitted disease. Although HPV infection is a self-limiting one, and it recedes after 2 years, at times, HPV has the potential to cause serious illnesses too!
You can always resort to ways to lower your chances of acquiring HPV…or acquiring cancer due to HPV.
Know how you can take the correct precautionary measures to stay safe and the correlation between HPV and cancer.
Note: Most people are not aware of the link between HPV and Cancer. The survey says that over 6000 adults do not know the atrocious effects of HPV…so much so that it can even cause cancer. This makes HPV more deadly and a necessary study topic that all of us should have a piece of knowledge about.
What is HPV?
The array of strains is versatile when it comes to HPV. It ranges from common warts that may infect the hands and feet of an individual to developing the risk of cancer. The genital HPV infection may show some visible symptoms, but the other infections caused by HPV show no such outward signs. This reason also multiplies in making the HPV, a fatal viral infection. Since it gives no warning signs, it should be our duty to get annual check ups from the best oncologist in Gurgaon to avoid tenacious conditions like cancer.
What are the risk factors of HPV-
Being aware of the risk factors will keep you more keen-eyed to this deadly viral infection and thus will also lessen your cancer risk;
- Vulnerable immune system
- Sexual contact in early ages
- Medical history of HPV
- Skin to skin contact with the virus
- Multiple sexual partners
How does HPV cause cancer?
Amongst 200 variants of HPV, 13 types of HPV are lethal to your health.
One of the variants of HPV can lead to cancer. This is called the high-risk HPV.
HPV infection clears out from the body within 2 years on its own. But, with the high-risk type, the immune system of the body fails to fight back the infection. This affects the cervical cells and also cells of the mouth, throat, anus, penis, vulva, vagina. The resultant of it is the alteration of the normal body cells into abnormal cells or precancerous cells. These cells lay down the foundation of cancer. So, if not removed from the body on time, they increase the chances of cancer in an individual.
The two most common types of cancer occurring due to HPV are cervical cancer and oral cancer.
HPV related cancers –
The other less commonly developing cancer that is associated with HPV are;
- Anal cancer
- Oropharyngeal cancer ( mouth and throat cancer)
- Penile cancer
- Vaginal cancer
- Vulvar cancer
Stats/ numbers to HPV related cancer –
- More than 12000 cases of cervical cancer in women are reported each year.
- Around 4000 women die of cervical cancer caused due to HPV.
- HPV-associated cancer has afflicted over 45,000 people, out of which around 25000 are women, and 19000 are men in the last few years.
- HPV is responsible for 90% of anal cancer, 70% of vaginal and vulvar cancer, and 60% of penile cancer.
Are you at risk of HPV-associated cancer?
HPV is a highly contagious viral infection. It is passed from one person to another during sexual activity. It is transmitted from skin to skin contact. Do you know what this means? That the entire adult population is at risk of acquiring cancer due to HPV!
Even though all strains of HPV do not make you fall at risk of developing cancer, yet being in check with your physical health is a must! Contact the best oncologist in Gurgaon to know more about your health status.
Diagnosis of HPV-
It is essential to get routine screening done due to the asymptomatic nature of HPV.
Women can get a pap smear test done to detect an HPV infection. It is vital for a woman;
- To get screened every three years if she falls in the age category of the 20s
- And get diagnosed in a gap of 5 years with the age group of over 30 years
Men, on the other hand, do not have any specific diagnostic tools, so it becomes imperative for them to get checked by their doctor now and then, as they too carry the risk of penile, anal, or oral cancer.
During the diagnosis period, the doctor will firstly go for a physical exam. These tests are your life saviours. When detected early, I.e., when the cells are at the precancerous stage, then the onset of cervical cancer can be prevented. So get your tests done by the best medical oncologist in Gurgaon to minimize your risk of cervical cancer.
How to protect yourself from HPV-related cancer?
The best preventive measure for HPV is vaccination.
So does the HPV vaccination guarantee that a person won’t get cancer?
The HPV shots assure success if you get them before you have had any sexual contact. Talk to your doctor to know about your dose of vaccine and how well they will affect, if the virus has already contaminated you.
Another method of protecting yourself from the fatal virus is by the use of condoms.
Cutting down tobacco intake also cuts down your risk of getting infected by the virus.
Do make a note to undergo periodic cervical cancer screening so that the HPV infection cannot ravage your life under any circumstances.
How is HPV treated?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for HPV. The virus does not adhere for long in the body. But, it has the potential to cause cancer. So to save yourself from its adversities, it is in your best interest that you get the HPV vaccine in the early years of your life.
Talking about the treatment options of the precancerous cervical cell change, women are treated with the help of loop electrosurgical excision procedure where the cancer cells are removed. Other methods are;
- Topical medicines
- Surgical excision
- Laser therapy
The current scenario is as such only about half the population of the eligible candidates have taken the dose of vaccine. The other half are still exposed to the endangering effects of the virus.
Take your preventive measures now to avoid future unwanted problems.
Visit Dr. Kaushal Yadav, the best oncologist in Gurgaon, India to know about cancer related to HPV and their treatment. This will help you to be more aware of the situation and to get the best treatment on time.
Talk to the expert!! Contact Dr. Kaushal Yadav to get answers to all your questions.
Contact the best Cancer doctor in Gurgaon!
Dr. Kaushal Yadav is an extensively trained cancer surgeon in Gurgaon,
India with exceptional skills. An alumini of MS (Surgery) from PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, India. Presently he is working as Senior Consultant Surgical Oncology at Narayna Superspeciality Hospital, Gurugram.